Moss and Lichen · Vancouver Island Native

Usnea spp.

Scientific name: Usnea spp. Family: PARMELIACEAE Common names: “Old man’s beard” “tree moss” Plant Type: Lichen, not a plant but a fungus/algae Conditions: Zone:1-11, varies between spp. Light: Dappled shade – deep shade Soil: Grows on trees and rocks, doesn’t like air pollution Moisture: Prefers well ventilated forest with regular rainfall Aesthetic: Plant Size: 2-4″ H &… Continue reading Usnea spp.

Annual · Drought Resistance · Vancouver Island Native

Matricaria discoidea

Scientific name: Matricaria discoidea Family: ASTERACEAE Common names: “Pineapple weed” “disk mayweed” Plant Type: Annual Conditions: Zone: 6-9 Light: Full sun Exposure: Exposed Soil: Rocky soil -gravel driveways and concrete cracks, tolerates compacted clay soil, doesn’t do well in cultivated fertile soils Moisture: Average – dry Aesthetic: Plant Size: 3-12″ H & W Leaf and Stem shape: Deeply divided into… Continue reading Matricaria discoidea

Conifer · Edible · Tree · Vancouver Island Native

Picea sitchensis

Scientific name: Picea sitchensis Family: PINACEAE Common names: “Sitka spruce” “tideland spruce” “coast spruce” “Menzies spruce” Plant Type: Evergreen conifer tree Conditions: Zone: 6-7 Light: Full sun best, cannot grow in shade Exposure: Exposed or sheltered, tolerant of some salt spray Soil: Sandy – average, tolerates poor soil Moisture: Moist-wet Aesthetic: Plant Size: H 60-160′ W 34′… Continue reading Picea sitchensis

Drought Resistance · Fern · Perennial · Vancouver Island Native

Pteridium aquilinum

Scientific name: Pteridium aquilinum Family: DENNSTAEDTIACEAE Common names: “Bracken fern” “Eagle fern” “pasture brake” “fern of God” “adder’s spit” Plant Type: Deciduous perennial fern Conditions: Zone: 3-10 Light: Full sun – part shade Exposure: Sheltered Soil: Sandy peaty acidic, grows well in poor soils Moisture: Moist-wet, drought tolerant once established Aesthetic: Plant Size: H 3-4′ W… Continue reading Pteridium aquilinum

Attracts Hummingbirds! · Edible · Shrub · Vancouver Island Native

Rubus spectabilis

Scientific name: Rubus spectabilis Family: ROSACEAE Common names: “Salmonberry” Plant Type: Deciduous shrub Conditions: Zone: 5-9 Light: Partial shade – full sun Exposure: Sheltered Soil: Moderately fertile, doesn’t like clay Moisture: Moist – wet well drained Aesthetic: Plant Size: 6-10′ H & W, fast growing Leaf and Stem shape: Prickly branches bearing spiny palmate leaves composed of mid-green… Continue reading Rubus spectabilis

Beneficial Insects! · Edible · Fragrant Flowers · Shrub · Vancouver Island Native

Rubus parviflorus

Scientific name: Rubus parviflorus Family: ROSACEAE Common names: “Thimbleberry” Plant Type: Deciduous shrub Conditions: Zone: 3-10 Light: Full sun – part shade Exposure: Sheltered Soil: Organically rich, slightly acidic Moisture: Moist well drained, tolerant of seasonal flooding, doesn’t handle wet soils Aesthetic: Plant Size: 4-8′ H & W Leaf and Stem shape: Spineless branches and soft velvety,… Continue reading Rubus parviflorus

Deer Resistant Plants! · Edible · Fern · Perennial · Vancouver Island Native

Polypodium glycyrrhiza

Scientific name: Polypodium glycyrrhiza Family: POLYPODIACEAE Common names: “Licorice fern” Plant Type: Herbaceous perennial fern Conditions: Zone: 4-9 Light: Semi-shade Exposure: Sheltered Soil: Moderately fertile humus Moisture: Moist well drained – summer drought Aesthetic: Plant Size: H 1′ W groundcover Leaf and Stem shape: Dormant during the summer, arching dark green fronds emerge as fall approaches and all… Continue reading Polypodium glycyrrhiza