Vancouveria hexandra

Scientific name: Vancouveria hexandra Family: BERBERIDACEAE Common names: "Inside-out flower" "American barrenwort" Plant Type: Herbaceous perennial Conditions: Zone: 5-7 Light: Part shade - Full shade Exposure: Sheltered Soil: Organically rich acidic soil Moisture: Moist well drained Aesthetic: Plant Size: 1-1.5' H & W Leaf and Stem shape: Basal leaves, each leaf with 3-lobed, heart-shaped leaflets Flower: Drooping … Continue reading Vancouveria hexandra


Usnea spp.

Scientific name: Usnea spp. Family: PARMELIACEAE Common names: "Old man's beard" "tree moss" Plant Type: Lichen, not a plant but a fungus/algae Conditions: Zone:1-11, varies between spp. Light: Dappled shade - deep shade Soil: Grows on trees and rocks, doesn't like air pollution Moisture: Prefers well ventilated forest with regular rainfall Aesthetic: Plant Size: 2-4" H & … Continue reading Usnea spp.

Matricaria discoidea

Scientific name: Matricaria discoidea Family: ASTERACEAE Common names: "Pineapple weed" "disk mayweed" Plant Type: Annual Conditions: Zone: 6-9 Light: Full sun Exposure: Exposed Soil: Rocky soil -gravel driveways and concrete cracks, tolerates compacted clay soil, doesn't do well in cultivated fertile soils Moisture: Average - dry Aesthetic: Plant Size: 3-12" H & W Leaf and Stem shape: Deeply divided into … Continue reading Matricaria discoidea

Picea sitchensis

Scientific name: Picea sitchensis Family: PINACEAE Common names: "Sitka spruce" "tideland spruce" "coast spruce" "Menzies spruce" Plant Type: Evergreen conifer tree Conditions: Zone: 6-7 Light: Full sun best, cannot grow in shade Exposure: Exposed or sheltered, tolerant of some salt spray Soil: Sandy - average, tolerates poor soil Moisture: Moist-wet Aesthetic: Plant Size: H 60-160' W 34' … Continue reading Picea sitchensis

Pteridium aquilinum

Scientific name: Pteridium aquilinum Family: DENNSTAEDTIACEAE Common names: "Bracken fern" "Eagle fern" "pasture brake" "fern of God" "adder's spit" Plant Type: Deciduous perennial fern Conditions: Zone: 3-10 Light: Full sun - part shade Exposure: Sheltered Soil: Sandy peaty acidic, grows well in poor soils Moisture: Moist-wet, drought tolerant once established Aesthetic: Plant Size: H 3-4' W … Continue reading Pteridium aquilinum

Rubus spectabilis

Scientific name: Rubus spectabilis Family: ROSACEAE Common names: "Salmonberry" Plant Type: Deciduous shrub Conditions: Zone: 5-9 Light: Partial shade - full sun Exposure: Sheltered Soil: Moderately fertile, doesn't like clay Moisture: Moist - wet well drained Aesthetic: Plant Size: 6-10' H & W, fast growing Leaf and Stem shape: Prickly branches bearing spiny palmate leaves composed of mid-green … Continue reading Rubus spectabilis

Rubus parviflorus

Scientific name: Rubus parviflorus Family: ROSACEAE Common names: "Thimbleberry" Plant Type: Deciduous shrub Conditions: Zone: 3-10 Light: Full sun - part shade Exposure: Sheltered Soil: Organically rich, slightly acidic Moisture: Moist well drained, tolerant of seasonal flooding, doesn't handle wet soils Aesthetic: Plant Size: 4-8' H & W Leaf and Stem shape: Spineless branches and soft velvety, … Continue reading Rubus parviflorus

Polypodium glycyrrhiza

Scientific name: Polypodium glycyrrhiza Family: POLYPODIACEAE Common names: "Licorice fern" Plant Type: Herbaceous perennial fern Conditions: Zone: 4-9 Light: Semi-shade Exposure: Sheltered Soil: Moderately fertile humus Moisture: Moist well drained - summer drought Aesthetic: Plant Size: H 1' W groundcover Leaf and Stem shape: Dormant during the summer, arching dark green fronds emerge as fall approaches and all … Continue reading Polypodium glycyrrhiza

Maianthemum racemosum

Scientific name: Maianthemum racemosum Synonym: Smilacina racemosa Family: ASPARGACEAE, previously LILIACEAE Common names: "False Solomon's seal" false spikenard" "Solomon's zigzag" "treacleberry" Plant Type: Herbaceous perennial Conditions: Zone: 3-8 Light:Part sun - deep shade Exposure: Sheltered, does not enjoy to much heat Soil: Acidic - neutral, tolerant of some clay, rich humus rich Moisture: Moist well drained - … Continue reading Maianthemum racemosum

Gaultheria shallon

Scientific name: Gaultheria shallon Family: ERICACEAE Common names: "Salal" "shallon" Plant Type: Evergreen sub-shrub, groundcover Conditions: Zone: 5-9 Light: Part sun - deep shade Exposure: Sheltered Soil: Acidic humus rich Moisture: Moist well drained, size indicates moisture, can tolerate some dryness Aesthetic: Plant Size: H 3-6' W 2-3' Leaf and Stem shape: Heart-shaped or ovate leaves borne on … Continue reading Gaultheria shallon