Cordyline australis

Scientific name: Cordyline australis

Synonym: Dracaena australis


Common names: “New Zealand cabbage palm” “Dracaena” “cabbage tree” “New Zealand dragon plant” “palm lily”

Plant Type: Evergreen shrub or tree


Zone: 8+

Light: Full sun – semi-shade

Exposure: Sheltered from cold, handles seaside conditions

Soil: Fertile deep soil

Moisture: Moist-average, well drained – drought resistant


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Plant Size: H 10-30′ W 3-12′

Leaf and Stem shape: Several stout branches arising from a single trunk with long sword-shaped leaves, in dense clusters at the branch tips

Flower: Large panicles of small, fragrant cream flowersImage result for cordyline australis

Pruning: None required

Maintenance: Low, requires winter protection below -9°C, if winter killed saw to ground and it will regrow

Landscape use: Architectural, tropical garden, oceanside tree

Propagate: By seed or suckers

Pests & Disease: Can get black fungal spots

Comments: ~AGM winner, New Zealand native, central buds are edible raw or roasted, plants will be more hardy to the cold at 7 years

Cultivars: ~AGM winners: Cordyline ‘Torbay Red’ , ‘Sundance’ , C. a. ‘Torbay Dazzler’ & ‘Lemon Fountain’

Image result for cordyline australis


One thought on “Cordyline australis

  1. How can you tell if you are growing one of these or a dracanea, i have planted from a mixed planter and have growing in the yard, seems like multiple trunks at the base, , Where to purchase a healthy Cordyline australis in Victoria would be helpful.


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