Colchicum autumnale

Scientific name: Colchicum autumnale

Synonym: Colchicum autumnale var. minor hort. , Colchicum autumnale ‘Wild Form’ , Colchicum haynaldii , Colchicum pannonicum


Common names: “Naked ladies” “Autumn-flowering crocus” “meadow saffron”

Plant Type: Cormous herbaceous perennial


Zone: 4-9

Light: Full sun best, can take part shade but with fewer flowers

Exposure: Sheltered from overhead watering and strong winds

Soil: Fertile humus rich

Moisture: Well drained – summer drought, intolerant of too much wet


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Plant Size: 5″-12″ H & W

Leaf and Stem shape: Erect, strap-shaped leaves

Flower: 6 crocus-like lavender-pink flowers in autumnImage result for colchicum autumnale

Maintenance: Best time to divide is in spring, usually every 6 years or if there are fewer flowers than usual, plant at 3.5-4″ depth and 6-8″ apart

Landscape use: Flower borders, wildflower meadow,

Propagate: By seed and division

Pests & Disease: Can be damaged by slugs

*Deer resistant, but squirrels might eat them

Comments: They multiply and spread, can naturalize in a lawn if allowed to, all parts toxic

Cultivars: ~AGM winner: C. a. ‘Nancy Lindsay’

Image result for colchicum autumnale


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