Edible · Tree

Citrus japonica

Scientific name: Citrus japonica Synonym: Citrus kinokuni , Citrus madurensis, Citrus × nobilis var. inermis, Fortunella hindsii , Fortunella japonica , Fortunella margarita , Fortunella × crassifolia Family: RUTACEAE Common names: “Oval kumquat” Plant Type: Evergreen tree Conditions: Zone: 8-12 Light: Full sun Exposure: Sheltered from frost and cold Soil: Average, enjoys loamy compost Moisture: Moist well drained, avoid watering in winter Aesthetic: Plant Size: 8-15′ H & W Leaf and Stem shape: Glossy lance-shaped leaves and small… Continue reading Citrus japonica

Biennial · Edible · Sub-Shrub · Weeds & Invasive Plants

Rubus armeniacus

Scientific name: Rubus armeniacus Synonym: R. discolor, R. procerus Family: ROSACEAE Common names: “Himalayan blackberry” Perennial or subshrub, often biennial, invasive weed Root system: Fibrous with spreading horizontal roots Conditions: Soil: Any average – fertile humusy soil Moisture:  Requires good moisture, moist but well drained Light: Full sun – light shade Location: Stream and river banks, grows… Continue reading Rubus armeniacus

Annual · Beneficial Insects! · Shrub · Tropical

Lantana camara

Scientific name: Lantana camara Family: VERBENACEAE Common names: “Shrub verbena” “Lantana” Plant Type: Tropical evergreen shrub – annual bedding plant Conditions: Zone: 10 – 11 Light: Full sun Exposure: Sheltered Soil: Cultivated fertile soil Moisture: Moist well drained Aesthetic: Plant Size: H 3-6′ W 1-3′ Leaf and Stem shape: Ovate, toothed, dark green leaves, rough-wrinkled above and aromatic… Continue reading Lantana camara

Attracts Hummingbirds! · Beneficial Insects! · Shrub · Tropical

Iochroma cyanea

Scientific name: Iochroma cyanea Synonym: I. cyaneum, I. tubulosa, I. tubulosum Family: SOLANACEAE Common names: “Ornamental eggplant” “Iochroma” “Violet churur” Plant Type: Tropical shrub Conditions: Zone: 9 – 11 Light: Full sun – dappled shade Exposure: Sheltered from scorching sun Soil: Cultivated fertile soil Moisture: Evenly moist well drained Aesthetic: Plant Size:  H 4-12′ W 3-5′ Leaf and… Continue reading Iochroma cyanea

Attracts Hummingbirds! · Beneficial Insects! · Herb Garden · Perennial

Leonotis leonurus

Scientific name: Leonotis leonurus Family: LAMIACEAE Common names: “Lion’s tale” “wild dagga” “lion’s ear” Plant Type: Herbaceous perennial, tropical broadleaf evergreen shrub, grown as an annual Conditions: Zone: 8-11 Light: Full sun best – light shade Exposure: Sheltered Soil: Average fertility, not fussy Moisture: Well drained – evenly moist Aesthetic: Plant Size: H 3-6′ W… Continue reading Leonotis leonurus

Moss and Lichen · Vancouver Island Native

Usnea spp.

Scientific name: Usnea spp. Family: PARMELIACEAE Common names: “Old man’s beard” “tree moss” Plant Type: Lichen, not a plant but a fungus/algae Conditions: Zone:1-11, varies between spp. Light: Dappled shade – deep shade Soil: Grows on trees and rocks, doesn’t like air pollution Moisture: Prefers well ventilated forest with regular rainfall Aesthetic: Plant Size: 2-4″ H &… Continue reading Usnea spp.

Perennial · Tropical

Salvia divinorum

Scientific name: Salvia divinorum Family: LAMIACEAE Common names: “Salvia” “ska pastora” “la Maria” “Diviner’s sage” Plant Type: Tropical, tender perennial Conditions: Zone: 10-12 Light: Full sun – part shade Exposure: Sheltered Soil: Sandy – fertile soil Moisture: Evenly moist well drained Aesthetic: Plant Size: 1-6′ H & W Leaf and Stem shape: Large leaves and a distinctive thick, hollow, square… Continue reading Salvia divinorum